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Sewage sewage pump working principle and characteristics
- Mar 05, 2018 -

Sewage Discharge Pump Like other pumps, the impeller and pressure water chamber are the two core components of the sewage pump. The merits of its performance, also on behalf of the pros and cons of pump performance, sewage pump anti-clogging performance, the level of efficiency, as well as cavitation performance, anti-erosion performance is mainly by the leaf pump and pressurized water chamber to ensure that the two major components.

Sewage sewage pump working principle and characteristics Sewage sewage pump is a non-clogging pump, with many forms: such as submersible and dry two, the most common submersible WQ submersible sewage pump, the most common dry Sewage pumps such as W-type horizontal sewage pump and WL vertical sewage pump two. Mainly used to transport urban sewage, manure or liquid containing fiber. Paper and other solid particles of media, the medium is usually the temperature is not more than 80 ℃. Due to the media being conveyed contain easily entangled or bunched fibers. Therefore, the kind of pump flow channel is easy to block, once the pump is blocked, the pump can not work normally, or even burn the motor, resulting in poor drainage. To urban life and environmental protection have a serious impact. Therefore, the anti-clogging and reliability of the sewage pump is an important factor in the pros and cons.

From the performance point of view, the sewage pump has a steep drop of the head curve, the power curve is flat.

Sewage pump pressure chamber is the most common is the volute, built-in submersible pump and more use of radial guide vane or flow guide vane. Volute spiral, ring and intermediary three. Spiral volute is basically not used in the sewage pump. Ring pressure chamber due to simple structure manufacturing convenience in the small sewage pump used more. However, due to the intermediary type (semi-spiral) pressurized water chamber appears annular pressure water chamber application area becomes smaller. Due to the intermediary type pressurized water chamber and the helical high efficiency and high pressure circular chamber water permeability. Has been more and more manufacturers attention.

Here are an introduction:

1. Impeller structure type:

Impeller structure is divided into four categories: leaf (open, closed), swirl, runner type, (including single-channel and dual-channel) spiral centrifugal four, open semi-open impeller manufacturing convenience When the clogging occurs in the impeller, it can be easily cleaned and repaired. However, in the long-term operation, the clearance between the blade and the inner wall of the pressurized water chamber increases due to particle abrasion, so that the efficiency is reduced. And the increase of clearance will destroy the pressure distribution on the blade. Not only produces a large amount of vortex loss, but also increases the axial force of the pump. At the same time, due to the increased clearance, the stability of the liquid state in the flow passage is destroyed, causing the pump to vibrate. This impeller is not easy to transport Large particles and long fiber media, from the performance point of view, the low efficiency of the impeller type, the highest efficiency of about 92% of ordinary closed impeller, lift curve is relatively flat.

2. Swirl impeller:

With this type of impeller pump, as part or all of the impeller shrinking pressure chamber flow channel. So no blockage performance is good, through the ability of particles and the ability of long fibers through. Particles flow in the pressurized water chamber is driven by the vortex generated by the rotation of the impeller. The suspended particles themselves do not generate energy and only exchange energy with the liquid in the flow channel. In the process of flow, suspended particles or long fibers are not in contact with the blade, the blade is more wear and tear less, there is no increase in the gap due to abrasion, long-term operation will not cause a serious decline in efficiency, the use of the Type impeller pumps are suitable for pumping media containing large particles and long fibers. From the performance point of view, the impeller efficiency is low, equivalent to only about 70% of ordinary closed impeller, lift curve is relatively flat.

3. Closed impeller:

This type of impeller is usually more efficient. And in the long run the situation is more stable, the use of the type of impeller pump axial force is small, and can be set in the front and rear cover Vice blades. The auxiliary blades on the front cover reduce vortex loss at the impeller inlet and wear of the seal ring by the particles. The auxiliary blades on the rear cover not only act to balance the axial forces but also prevent the suspended particles from entering the mechanical seal chamber to protect the mechanical seal. However, the impeller of this type has poor non-blocking property and is easy to wind, so it is not suitable for pumping the treated sewage medium containing large particles (long fibers) and the like.

4 runner impeller:

This kind of impeller is a bladeless impeller. The impeller runner is a curved runner from inlet to outlet. It is suitable for pumping medium containing large particles and long fibers. Good anti-blocking. From the performance point of view, the type of high efficiency impeller and ordinary closed impeller or less, but the type of impeller pump head curve is steep drop. The power curve is relatively stable, not easy to produce super power problems, but this type of impeller cavitation performance than ordinary closed impeller, especially suitable for pressure on the pump.

5. Spiral centrifugal impeller:

The blades of this type impeller are twisted helical blades that extend axially from the suction inlet on the tapered hub body. This type of impeller pump also has the role of volumetric pumps and centrifugal pumps, suspended particles flow in the leaves, do not hit any part of the pump, so good non-destructive. Destructive on the transport of small objects. Due to the helical propulsion and the high permeability of the suspended particles, pumps using this type of impeller are suitable for pumping media containing large particles and long fibers, as well as highly concentrated media. In the transport of media destruction has strict requirements of the occasion has obvious characteristics.

In summary, no matter what type of sewage pump is only a different type of impeller and different types of pressurized water room according to the transmission medium and installation of a combination of requirements, as long as the impeller and pressurized water chamber can be optimized configuration. Various pump performance will be guaranteed.